Symptoms At Each Stage Of Alzheimer's Disease
First Stage Of Alzheimer's Disease- 2 to 4 years Up To And Including
Second Stage Of Alzheimer's Disease- 2 to 10 Years After Diagnosis
- Short term memory loss for recent events.
- Loses spontaneous behavior, becomes withdrawn,lacks interest in
hobbies and social activities.
- Gets confused about places and may get lost.
- Mood and personality changes occur. May become anxious, angry, or
- Has poor judgement and makes poor decisions, especially about
Third And Terminal Stage Of Alzheimer's Disease- 1-3 Years Long
- Memory loss becomes more intense and often, involving both short
term and long term memory loss. Attention spans become very limited, making it even
harder for alzheimer's disease patients to remember and concentrate.
- Patients begin repeating statements and sentences and repeating odd or
- Patients have increasing difficulty recognizing close friends or family.
Patients may not recognize their own image in the mirror.
- Patients become drowsy during the day and more active toward night time. Some
patients may stay awake until all hours of the night. This behavior, called
sundowning, is believed to be caused by damage to the part of the brain that
controls daily body rhythms.
- Patients may develop muscle twitches,jerking, tremors, or abnormal gait.
Walking may be impaired and patients may be at increased risk for falls.
- Patients have increasing difficulty holding a conversation and can't think
in a logical manner anymore. They may develop false beliefs, but all logical
efforts to change the beliefs fail because patients lose most logical ability.
- At this stage, alzheimer patients may lose control of impulses. They may behave
strangely, such as eating strange things. Patients may become disinhibited, and make
suggestive sexual verbal or physical overtures to other patients.People in this
stage of alzheimer's disease may become sloppy and fail to bathe or pursue
normal personal hygiene.
- In mid stage alzheimer's disease, patients may become highly emotional, such as
being anxious, irritable, or silly. Patients may become paranoid, may become suspicious, and
think people are trying to harm them or steal from them. Patients in this stage
may become teary and may cling excessively to their caregiver.
- Patients in this stage begin to lose more weight partly because
they lose interest in eating and also lose the ability to feed themselves. Patients
in this stage need full time supervision for their own safety.
- In this sad stage, patients can no longer recognize family, friends, or even
- At this point, patients lose even more weight and become very frail. Many develop swallowing
problems. Still others become so frail they fall, have hip fractures, and then become immobile in bed
- Patients in end stage alzheimer's disease need almost full time care and need help
to eat, drink, bath, change clothes, and even walk. Patients lose the
ability to talk and communicate. If they feel pain, they cannot tell their caregiver about it
in this stage. Extreme emotional reactions could be the result of pain, which the
caregiver should be alert for.
- In terminal stage, patients become frail and suffer breakdown of their skin, becoming
prone to developing ulcers. Also, because many patients don't eat well and get proper
nutrition, immune systems breakdown and patients become prone to develop infections. Many
patients die from pneumonia or general sepsis.
- Patients in end stage may lose control of their bowel and bladder, making them
prone to frequent urinary tract infections.
- In end stage alzheimer's disease, seizures may occur, because the brains of alzheimer patients become more
excitable as more brain cells die.